Cross-process Rendering

Surfaces save us

Russ Bishop
November 05, 2019

The proper way to render across processes on Apple platforms is to use an IOSurface.

Though the headers don't declare it, IOSurface and IOSurfaceRef are toll-free bridged. If calling an API that takes IOSurfaceRef from Swift, use unsafeBitCast(surface, to: IOSurfaceRef.self)

An IOSurface is a kernel-managed . . .

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The Law

Atomics are hard

Russ Bishop
February 25, 2019

Swift 5 turns on exclusivity checking by default. This has some interesting interactions with atomics, especially when running under the Thread Sanitizer (TSAN). If you've ever seen a TSAN report on some simple Swift code that looks obviously correct then you're probably running into this issue:

// Incorrect! Do not use this!
 . . .

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Take Delight in Small Joys

Extensions everywhere

Russ Bishop
November 08, 2018

This is a small post about a small joy. I really enjoy how natural extensions can feel in Swift.

I consider it quite unfortunate that UnsafeMutableRawBufferPointer.baseAddress is optional. It makes that type so ugly to use in practice. I also dislike having to specify alignment on allocation; a sensible default is Int.bitWidth / 8 on . . .

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Fixed-sized Arrays

Who doesn't like a tuple with 1024 elements?

Russ Bishop
October 30, 2018

Let's say we want to statfs() a mount point to determine which BSD device name it belongs to. In english, that means discover that /Volumes/MyDisk comes from /dev/disk6s2.

struct statfs fsinfo;
if (statfs(path, &fsinfo) != 0) {
 //error
}

The equivalent Swift code, along with a POSIX error helper:

func  . . .

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SingleValueCodable

A simple exercise in leverage

Russ Bishop
October 24, 2017

The new Codable protocol is flexible enough to allow a different encoded representation from the in-memory representation which is a nice property to have in a serialization mechanism. Today I'm going to build SingleValueCodable to automate that work when dealing with RawRepresentable types.

The Setup

I want to encode . . .

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AMD System V ABI Reference

Russ Bishop
July 18, 2017

An ABI reference for quick lookup. If you crash or just want to step through disassembly, check the contents of the registers to see where parameters are being passed.

Arg Register Notes
1 RDI Usually self or address to hold return value
2 RSI Usually _cmd but may . . .

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MemoryLayout

Size & Stride

Russ Bishop
June 16, 2017

A quick word of warning to those of you using UnsafePointer and MemoryLayout.

  • The size of a type tells you how many bytes it takes to hold that type in memory.
  • The stride of a type tells you how far apart each instance of the type is in memory.

If you are doing pointer arithmetic on UnsafePointer then Swift . . .

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